The Aesthetic Fashion Movement came out of…

.. the Reform Movement.  Aesthetes saw fashion as ugly machine made products from the Industrial Revolution.  Their dislike ranged from distaste for the ugliness of false structures and veneers to the crudeness of synthetic dyes to the over working of Victorian imagery.

They ignored the benefits of cheap costs for mass produced goods for those of low income or those who wanted to imitate upper classes on a lower budget.

(Portrait:  Mrs. Frances Leyland in Aesthetic dress about 1874)